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Who is Krishna?
God is described as the "param ishwar" or the supreme controller. There are many controllers or isvaras in the universe, like Vayu who controls the air, Indra who controls the rain and Surya who controls the Sun. But all these controllers are in turn controlled by some one else and if go up the chain we finally reach the supreme controller, one who directly or indirectly controls every one, but has no controller.
This supreme controller is ultimate origin of everyone and everything. He has no other origin and He is the cause of all causes. Lord Brahma states that this supreme controller, is Krishna, also known as Govinda.
What does Krishna look like?
Krishna is a person, an individual, with a transcendental body full of the most dazzling splendor. Even though Krishna is the oldest, the most ancient and primeval, He looks ever youthful. His eyes are like the petals of a blooming lotus flower. His head is decorated with a peacock feather. His complexion is bluish, like the hue of rain clouds. Around His neck swings a garland of flowers decorated by the moon-locket and He is adorned by many jewels. In His hands he holds a flute and He manifests a graceful, threefold bending form. In the material world, Cupid or Kamadeva is considered to be most attractive. But the beauty of Krishna surpasses that of a million Cupids.
The body of Krishna is completely spiritual and qualitatively composed of truth, bliss and eternality. His body is not subject to decay. and each of His limbs posses the full functionality of all the other limbs.
Where does Krishna live
The material world which we live in is called Devi dhama, for it is controlled by the Goddess Durga devi. Above this world is Mahesh dhama, the abode of Lord Shiva. Above the abode of Lord Shiva is Hari dhama, the abode of Lord Vishnu, also known as Vaikuntha. Above Hari dhama, is the highest of all abodes, Goloka where Krishna lives. Goloka is made of cintamani (touchstones). The trees there are kalpa-vrksas that fulfill all desires. The cows are Surabhi cows that emit oceans of milk. The water is nectar, every word is a song and every step is a dance. In Goloka there is no past, present or future and every moment is fully saturated with transcendental bliss.
What does Krishna do
Krishna lives in Goloka with Srimati Radharani, the embodiment of His personal pleasure potency in the company of Her expansions, the gopis. He is served with great love and affection by millions of goddess of good fortune (Lakshmi devis). Here Krishna plays His flute, tends to the Surabhi cows and enjoys the pastimes of love. Krishna is the adi-purusa, the original enjoyer. He has no other business than to enjoy with His devotees. The spiritual world, the material world, the living entities are all maintained by the expansions or the plenary portions of His expansions.
What is the position of Krishna
In the Brahma Samhita, Lord Brahma not only describes the position of Krishna in an absolute sense but also relative to the five principal gods: Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva, Durga and Ganesa.
Lord Vishnu: When a candle lights several candles, the quality of light in all the candles is identical. Similarly Krishna expands Himself into many Vishnu forms, which though separate are still identical to Him.
Lord Brahma: Just as the effulgence of the gems is actually a reflection of the light of the Sun, Lord Brahma receives His power of creation from Krishna. The life of Lord Brahma (and the material universe) by our perspective extends for a fantastically long time of several trillion years, yet it is only the duration of one breath of Maha Vishnu Who is a plenary portion of a plenary portion of Krishna.
Lord Shiva: The relationship of Krishna with Lord Shiva is compared to the process of transformation of milk to yogurt. Milk and yogurt is the same, yet there is a difference. Milk can become yogurt, but yogurt cannot become milk. Similarly Krishna assumes the form of Lord Shiva for the purpose of destruction. Krishna never comes in direct contact with the modes of material nature, but as Lord Shiva He very kindly takes charge of those in the mode of ignorance.
Goddess Durga: The internal spiritual potency of Krishna is reflected in the material world as Maya devi or Durga devi. She is the proprietor of the mundane worlds, the agency through which the worlds are created, maintained and destroyed and she conducts herself according to the will of Krishna.
Lord Ganesa: The lotus feet of Krishna are always held with great respect by Lord Ganesa on the pair of tumuli (tusks) that protrude from his elephant head. It is from Krishna that Ganesa receives his power to remove all obstacles in the path of progress in the three worlds.
Krishna is inconceivable All the creations, material and spiritual are inside Krishna, yet He is present in His complete form within each and every atom. He is non-different from His potencies and by these potencies He creates, maintains and destroys. The effulgence of His body is the impersonal, non differentiated Brahman glorified in the Upanishads. His external potency embodies the three modes of material nature, goodness, passion and ignorance, but He is never touched by these modes. The wheel of time moves under His direction yet He is never affected by it. He lies on Ananta Sesa, His own plenary portion, in yoga-nidra (creative sleep) and creates millions of universes from the pores of His hair that last only the duration of His exhalation, yet in each of these universes He descends as His own avatar. All virtues, all vices, the Vedas, all forms of austerity, all living entities, the nine elements of the material worlds, the spiritual worlds, the cycle of karma, all enjoyment and suffering, all devotional service, everything that is to be known comes from Krishna. He is the cause of all causes.
How to approach Krishna Krishna is inconceivable and inaccessible by the Vedas. Powerful yogis who perform the pranayama by controlling their breaths or great jnanis who try and understand Him by mental speculation may approach the tip of His toe after practicing for thousands of millions of years.
However Krishna is easily obtained by pure unalloyed devotion. He is seen by His pure devotees with eyes of devotion, tinged with the salve of love. His devotees meditate upon Him under the sway of love, parental affection, friendship, service or reverence and thus establish their eternal relationship with Him.
Story of Lord Krishna Avtar
Mother Earth, unable to bear the burden of sins committed by evil kings and rulers, appealed to Brahma, the Creator for help. Brahma prayed to the Supreme Lord Vishnu, who assured him that he would soon be born on earth to annihilate tyrannical forces.
One such evil force was Kamsa, the ruler of Mathura (in northern India) and his people were utterly terrified of him. On the day Kamsa's sister Devaki was married off to Vasudeva, an akashvani or voice from the sky was heard prophesying that Devaki's 8th son would be the destroyer of Kamsa. The frightened Kamsa immediately unsheathed his sword to kill his sister but Vasudeva intervened and implored Kamsa to spare his bride, and promised to hand over every new born child to him. Kamsa relented but imprisoned both Devaki and her husband Vasudeva.
When Devaki gave birth to her first child, Kamsa came to the prison cell and slaughtered the newborn. In this way, he killed the first six sons of Devaki. Even before her 8th child was born, Devaki and Vasudeva started lamenting its fate and theirs. Then suddenly Lord Vishnu appeared before them and said he himself was coming to rescue them and the people of Mathura. He asked Vasudeva to carry him to the house of his friend, the cowherd chief Nanda in Gokula right after his birth, where Nanda's wife Yashoda had given birth to a daughter.
He was to exchange his boy and bring Yashoda's baby daughter back to the prison. Vishnu assured them that "nothing shall bar your path".
At midnight on ashtami, the divine baby was born in Kamsa's prison. Remembering the divine instructions, Vasudeva clasped the child to his bosom and started for Gokula, but found that his legs were in chains. He jerked his legs and was unfettered! The massive iron-barred doors unlocked and opened up. While crossing river Yamuna, Vasudeva held his baby high over his head. The rain fell in torrents and the river was in spate. But the water made way for Vasudeva and miraculously a five-mouthed snake followed him from behind and provided shelter over the baby.
When Vasudeva reached Gokula, he found the door of Nanda's house open. He exchanged the babies and hurried back to the prison of Kamsa with the baby girl. Early in the morning, all the people at Gokula rejoiced the birth of Nanda's beautiful male child. Vasudeva came back to Mathura and as he entered, the doors of the prison closed themselves.
When Kamsa came to know about the birth, he rushed inside the prison and tried to kill the baby. But this time it skipped from his hand and reaching the sky. She was transformed into the goddess Yogamaya, who told Kamsa: "O foolish! What will you get by killing me? Your nemesis is already born somewhere else."
In his youth Krishna killed Kamsa along with all his cruel associates, liberated his parents from prison, and reinstated Ugrasen as the King of Mathura.
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